The socio-cultural, economic and political determinants of malnutrition and their consequences are clearly summarised in a diagram:
UNICEF. Improving Child Nutrition: The Achievable Imperative for Global Progress. New York, UNICEF, 2013. Link: http://www.unicef.org/gambia/Improving_Child_Nutrition_-_the_achievable_imperative_for_global_progress.pdf and
R. L. Bailey, K. P. West und R. E. Black. The Epidemiology of Global Micronutrient Deficiencies. Ann Nutr Metab 2015; 66 (suppl 2):26. DOI: 10.1159/000371618.