Besides hypotension and highly polluted air (also domestically), it’s the far too little consumption of fruits and vegetables which account for the three decisive risk factors of stroke in eastern and southern Africa. These findings are indicated by a comprehensive country comparison for stroke risk within the scope of the Global Burden of Disease Study (GBD), which has recently been published in The Lancet Neurology journal (1).
Fruits and vegetables are an essential part of the most important suppliers of vitamins, minerals and trace elements to account for a healthy lifestyle. If it is possible to permanently increase its share in the nutritional balance, many strokes could be avoided, the scientists state.
Up to three quarter of all strokes worldwide, which equal to 12 million annually, can be ascribed to poor nutrition, smoking and a lack of physical activity.
The figure below demonstrates the risk for stroke in the different areas of the world.
Read and see more:
- F.L. Feigin et al. for the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries and Risk Factors Study 2013 and Stroke Experts Writing Group. Global burden of stroke and risk factors in 188 countries, during 1990–2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. The Lancet Neurology. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1474-4422(16)30073-4 http://www.thelancet.com/journals/laneur/article/PIIS1474-4422(16)30073-4/abstract und http://www.thelancet.com/cms/attachment/2059544712/2062364811/mmc1.pdf
- Figure 1. Stroke-related DALYs attributable to all modifiable risk factors combined for both sexes in 2013. Ebenda.